- 1 What is reverse pivot shift test?
- 2 What is a pivot shift injury?
- 3 How is a posterior drawer test performed?
- 4 What is a positive pivot shift test?
- 5 What does the Lachman test test for?
- 6 How do you check yourself for a torn ACL?
- 7 What is a positive drawer sign?
- 8 What is a Segond fracture?
- 9 What is a kissing contusion knee?
- 10 What is anterior drawer test for knee?
- 11 What is the purpose of the posterior drawer test?
What is reverse pivot shift test?
The reverse pivot shift test is a dynamic test, similar to the posterolateral drawer test, to assess for posterolateral rotation of the knee. Performance of this test is with the knee flexed to approximately 80°-90°, with a valgus and external rotation force applied to the knee.
What is a pivot shift injury?
The pivot shift injury is a noncontact injury commonly seen in skiers or American football players. This injury occurs when a valgus load is applied to the knee in various states of flexion combined with external rotation of the tibia or internal rotation of the femur (,,,Fig 1).
How is a posterior drawer test performed?
The examiner grasps the proximal lower leg, approximately at the tibial plateau or joint line with the thumbs placed on the tibial tuberosity. Then the examiner attempts to translate the lower leg posteriorly. The test is considered positive if there is a lack of end feel or excessive posterior translation.
What is a positive pivot shift test?
The pivot shift is a dynamic but passive test of knee stability, carried out by the examiner without any activity of the patient. It shows a dysregulation between rolling and gliding in the kneejoint. When the test is positive, it indicates an injury of the anterior cruciate ligament.
What does the Lachman test test for?
The Lachman test is a specific clinical exam technique used to evaluate patients with a suspected anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The test relies on proper positioning and technique and is regarded as the most sensitive and specific test for diagnosing acute ACL injuries.
How do you check yourself for a torn ACL?
Try bending your knee and then straightening it out. If you can’t bend your knee to a 90 degree angle or straighten out your leg because of pain, stiffness and swelling, then it is likely that you’ve torn your ACL.
What is a positive drawer sign?
If the tibia pulls forward or backward more than normal, the test is considered positive. Excessive displacement of the tibia anteriorly suggests that the anterior cruciate ligament is injured, whereas excessive posterior displacement of the tibia may indicate injury of the posterior cruciate ligament.
What is a Segond fracture?
Segond fractures are defined as an avulsion type fracture of the lateral proximal tibia at the attachment of the anterolateral ligament. They are especially important because they are pathognomonic of a more complex knee injury, an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Segond fractures confirmed on plain
What is a kissing contusion knee?
“ Kissing contusion ” refers to a bone contusion on both side of the knee joint. It is a rare (6.3% in this series) but significant injury, often associated with ligamentous or menisceal tears. Disabling symptoms are often prolonged.
What is anterior drawer test for knee?
The anterior drawer test is a physical examination doctors use to test the stability of the knee’s anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Doctors may use this test, along with images and other exams, to determine if a person has injured their ACL and recommend treatment options.
What is the purpose of the posterior drawer test?
Doctors often perform a posterior drawer test to assess the function of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)—one of the four ligaments of the knee. If your doctor suspects a PCL tear, the posterior drawer test is the best test to diagnose it.