Quick Answer: What Complications Can Be Caused By Distraction In Orthopedics?

What is distraction in Orthopaedics?

Distraction osteogenesis is a surgical- orthopedic method for lengthening bone by separating or distracting a fracture callus. This technique has a long history in limb lengthening and has recently been used to lengthen mandibles and maxillae in human patients.

What is a bone distraction?

Bone distraction is the process of generating new bone in a gap between two bone segments in response to the application of graduated tensile stress across the bone gap. Different types of distraction are actually proposed to be an alternative to facial osteotomies or bone grafting techniques.

Who needs distraction osteogenesis?

The most common application is in infants with small mandibles (micrognathia) leading to tongue-based airway obstruction, difficulty breathing, and sleep apnea (see Pierre Robin sequence). Distraction osteogenesis is used to lengthen the mandibles (figure 3) of patients with hemifacial microsomia, as well.

What is distraction osteogenesis in oral and maxillofacial surgery?

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a method of generating new bone following a corticotomy or an osteotomy and gradual distraction. The method is based on the tension-stress principle proposed by Ilizarov.

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When is distraction osteogenesis used?

Medical uses Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is used in orthopedic surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery to repair skeletal deformities and in reconstructive surgery.

How long does distraction osteogenesis take?

Distraction osteogenesis is performed as an outpatient surgery in our accredited surgical facility. Patients undergoing this procedure will require general anesthesia. The procedure takes anywhere between 2-3 hours.

Is distraction osteogenesis painful?

IS DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS PAINFUL? Our patients are treated under general anesthesia, there is no pain during the surgical procedure. Postoperatively, you will be supplied with medications to keep you comfortable, and antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.

Is height increasing surgery safe?

Each year hundreds of people around the world are opting for long, often painful surgery to extend their legs in a bid to make themselves a few inches taller. But the complex procedure isn’t without risk and health experts say some are being left with long-term problems.

What is mandibular distraction osteogenesis?

Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (MDO) is a surgery done for infants with Pierre Robin sequence. MDO lengthens the jaw to help open the airway so the baby can breathe safely and comfortably on their own.

What is distraction surgery?

Distraction osteogenesis is a way to make a longer bone out of a shorter one. After a bone is cut during surgery, a device called a distractor pulls the 2 pieces of bone apart slowly. The slow stretching apart of bone is not painful.

What is distraction osteogenesis in dentistry?

Simply stated, distraction osteogenesis means the slow movement apart ( distraction ) of two bony segments in a manner such that new bone is allowed to fill in the gap created by the separating bony segments.

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What are cranial distractors used for?

PVDO uses specialized devices called cranial distractors to move the bones of the back of the skull very slowly. In PVDO the skull bones are left attached to the dura (outer covering of the brain). Cuts are made in the skull bones, similar to open cranial vault remodeling (CVR).

Who first described distraction osteogenesis in the maxillofacial region?

[1] The incipient concept of distraction osteogenesis, as first described for correction of limb length discrepancies by Codivilla [2] in 1905, represented an osteotomized femur subjected to repeated forces of traction and counter-traction.

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