Often asked: What Is The Meaning Of The Term Distraction In Orthopedics?

What is distraction in orthopedics?

Distraction osteogenesis is a way to make a longer bone out of a shorter one. After a bone is cut during surgery, a device called a distractor pulls the 2 pieces of bone apart slowly. Distraction osteogenesis allows for bigger corrections in bone position than is possible in a single traditional surgery.

What is bone distractor?

Bone distraction is the process of generating new bone in a gap between two bone segments in response to the application of graduated tensile stress across the bone gap. Different types of distraction are actually proposed to be an alternative to facial osteotomies or bone grafting techniques.

What does a distraction mean?

1: something that distracts: an object that directs one’s attention away from something else turned off her phone to limit distractions One created a distraction while the other grabbed the money.

What is distraction osteogenesis in orthodontics?

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a surgical-orthopedic method for lengthening bone by separating or distracting a fracture callus. It represents an important technique for surgeons and orthodontists to reconstruct and recontour the facial skeleton.

Who needs distraction osteogenesis?

The most common application is in infants with small mandibles (micrognathia) leading to tongue-based airway obstruction, difficulty breathing, and sleep apnea (see Pierre Robin sequence). Distraction osteogenesis is used to lengthen the mandibles (figure 3) of patients with hemifacial microsomia, as well.

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How long does distraction osteogenesis take?

Distraction osteogenesis is performed as an outpatient surgery in our accredited surgical facility. Patients undergoing this procedure will require general anesthesia. The procedure takes anywhere between 2-3 hours.

Is distraction osteogenesis painful?

IS DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS PAINFUL? Our patients are treated under general anesthesia, there is no pain during the surgical procedure. Postoperatively, you will be supplied with medications to keep you comfortable, and antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.

Is height increasing surgery safe?

Each year hundreds of people around the world are opting for long, often painful surgery to extend their legs in a bid to make themselves a few inches taller. But the complex procedure isn’t without risk and health experts say some are being left with long-term problems.

What is bone transport?

Bone transport is a procedure to grow new bone in a region where there is a missing section of bone due to infection, trauma or disease. There may be a gap in the bone due to serious injury.

Why is distraction bad?

If you switch back and forth between tasks often enough, you could feel disoriented, or even exhausted. In addition, your brain will produce more cortisol, a stress hormone that often leads to irritability, aggression and impulsive behavior.

What is an example of a distraction?

The definition of a distraction is something that takes your attention away from something on which you should be focused. Someone passing notes in class when the teacher is talking is an example of a distraction. Loved the puppy to distraction; was driven to distraction by the noisy neighbors.

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What is a positive distraction?

Positive distraction is defined as, “an environmental feature that elicits positive feelings and holds attention without taxing or stressing the individual, thereby blocking worrisome thoughts” (Ulrich, 1991, p.

Who first described distraction osteogenesis in the maxillofacial region?

[1] The incipient concept of distraction osteogenesis, as first described for correction of limb length discrepancies by Codivilla [2] in 1905, represented an osteotomized femur subjected to repeated forces of traction and counter-traction.

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