I wrote this book because too
many people suffer from foot and ankle pain unnecessarily.

~ Dr. Phil Pinsker


OR  Call today!  (724) 225- 7410 

853 Jefferson Ave-suite 2
Washington, PA, 15301

Podiatrist - Washington
853 Jefferson Ave
Washington, PA 15301
(724) 225-7410
(724) 225-9469 - fax

Most people do not think of their feet until there is a problem. Even though they are an incredibly designed part of our bodies, they are often neglected and uncared for. Did you know that ¼ of all the bones in your body are found in your feet? When these bones experience trauma or are out of alignment, your entire body can be affected. The average person walks around 115,000 miles over a lifetime so it is no wonder that 3 out of 4 Americans at one point in their lives experience a serious foot problem.

Learning about the structure of your foot, how it works normally and how it is affected by injury will help you understand what is going on when you experience a problem. The foot and ankle contains 26 bones, 33 joints, more than 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments and a huge network of blood vessels and nerves. This incredible foundation gives your body support, balance, and mobility. There is an essential structure within each foot, which is explained below.

Each foot has three main parts: the forefoot, the midfoot, and the rearfoot.

The forefoot is made up of the five toes, called phalanges. Each toe is made up of several small bones and is connected to the midfoot by a long bone called a metatarsal. The big toe has two bones and one joint while the other four have three bones and two joints. The big toe also has two, corn-kernel sized bones called the sesamoid bones that help it move up and down. The forefoot is designed to handle a lot of stress as it bears half the body’s weight.

The midfoot consists of five bones called the tarsal bones and forms your arch. The tarsal bones are connected to the forefoot and the rearfoot by the plantar fascia ligament. This part of your foot acts as a shock absorber.

The rearfoot links your midfoot to your ankle. The heel bone, the largest bone in your foot, joins with your ankle to form the joint that enables your ankle to move and rotate. The top of your ankle is then connected to the tibia and fibula, the two long bones in your leg.

Important muscles, tendons and ligaments

The muscles in each foot hold the bones in position and facilitate movement. The anterior tibial muscle moves your foot up, the posterior tibial supports your arch, the peroneal tibial controls the movement on the outside of the ankle, the extensors raise your toes when taking a step and the flexors stabilize your toes on the ground.

The strongest tendon in your foot is called the Achilles tendon and attaches the heel to the calf muscle. It is essential anytime you want to walk up stairs, rise up on your toes, run or jump. An injury to this tendon is common and can be very painful.

The plantar fascia is a very important ligament that stretches from your toes to your heel and forms the arch in your foot. It provides balance and strength to your foot. Similar to the Achilles tendon, this part of the foot is commonly strained and injured due to overuse and poor footwear and can result in significant pain.

The biomechanics of your feet are complex and even a small structural problem or injury can affect the rest of your body. Foot pain is never normal and we encourage you to contact Dr. Pinsker for diagnosis and treatment. You can schedule an appointment by calling our podiatric office at (724) 225-7410 or directly from our homepage