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Podiatrist - Washington
853 Jefferson Ave
Washington, PA 15301
(724) 225-7410
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***November is National Diabetes Awareness Month, so call today to make your appointment for a FREE DIABETIC FOOT SCREENING THROUGHOUT THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER. Diabetes seems to be more prevalent than ever in our world today, so now is the time to fight back. If you are diabetic, it is of the upmost importance to take great care of  your feet. Come in today and let us help you stay on the right track.***

Today's Blog: WHAT IS DIABETES?

 

The end of October marks the unofficial beginning of the 3 month “holiday season” of celebration and family and food, which includes the sweet candy of Halloween, the delicious dishes of Thanksgiving, the never-ending food AND sweet treats around Christmas time, the festive but sugary punch and snacks for New Years, and finally heaping portions of your favorite game-day foods for the Super Bowl. Many of us are entrenched in our ways of these celebrations, which unfortunately creates an uphill battle for those of us trying to make lifestyle changes regarding diet and exercise. Temptations will be everywhere, and portion control is a must. With Fall in full swing, and Winter on her way, we are going to spend today and next week here discussing one possible outcome of uncontrolled holiday (or any day of the year)feasting frenzies: Diabetes Mellitus. In today’s society, it is very likely that either you or someone you know is diabetic, so let’s find out what that means.

This week we are going to talk a little bit about diabetes mellitus: what it is, what causes it, what life-changing damage it can cause to your feet and other body parts, and one simple way to treat it and possibly prevent it altogether. Let’s dive in.

 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is split into Type 1 and Type 2, but both are characterized by high levels of glucose (“sugar”) in the blood. In Type 1 DM (usually onset at a younger age), genetics and other factors cause your body to make antibodies to certain cells in your pancreas (an organ located near your stomach area) that normally make insulin. These antibodies start to destroy the pancreatic cells, and therefore less insulin is able to be made. One of insulin’s normal functions is to push glucose from your blood into your muscle and other tissue so that the glucose can be used as a source of energy. Therefore without insulin from the pancreas, the glucose just stays in the blood, causing high blood sugar.  

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/8883.jpg

On the other hand, Type 2 DM (usually adult onset but is seen in younger ages today) is typically related to obesity, lack of exercise, and a diet high in fats and sugars. The increased body fat causes the muscles and other tissues to be resistant to insulin, therefore keeping the glucose in your blood and causing high blood sugar. Increased body weight also leads to poor functioning of your pancrease, which decreases the amount of insulin you make and so also leads to high blood sugar. Type 2 DM is also associated with other factors such high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and large amounts of stomach fat. When the blood sugar reaches high enough levels, your kidneys become overworked andglucose (sugar) starts spilling over into the urine (most glucose is usually reabsorbed by your body and not excreted). This causes more water to be pulled out of the body and into the urine, leading to an increase in the frequency of urination and increased thirst.

Pre-diabetes is when your fasting blood sugar (measured by blood from your finger) is above normal (normal blood glucose level is <100 mg/dl and pre-diabetes is 100-125 mg/dl)  but not high enough to be technically diagnosed as diabetes. Without a significant weight loss with diet and exercise, someone diagnosed as pre-diabetic is very likely to progress to Type 2 DM within 10 years, with the beginning of damages caused by Diabetes Mellitus. Tune in next week to find out exactly what parts of your body (hint: you’ve been walking on one of the most at-risk body parts since you were about 1 year old) are at risk to be damaged and the best thing you can do to ensure your own health! In the meantime, get that Halloween candy out of your house so you are not tempted to indulge!!

Causes of diabetes type 2 mellitus

 

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